Healthy living takes a couple of lifestyles and personal hygiene that lead to having enough blood in the body and when we lack blood, how to treat anemia becomes the usual question.
Anemia is a medical term that describes a deficiency in blood cells. Blood cells are known to travel along with iron and hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the protein that carries oxygen through the bloodstream to other organs in the body.
it is important to note that prevention is cheaper and better than to treat anemia.
There are different methods when it comes to running an Anemia diagnosis. Your medical experts will identify which will be of great help to you.
- Blood shape and size: medical experts refer patients suspected to have anemia to run a particular test to determine the shape and size of the patients’ red blood cells.
- Full blood count (FBC): this is the most popular blood test when it comes to checking an individual’s blood level. The target is to determine hemoglobin and red blood level in the blood known as hematocrit. A normal hematocrit of an adult (male) is valued between 38.6% and 48.6%, 35.5% to 44.9% for female. Also, the hemoglobin level for normal adults is valued at 11.6-15 grams per deciliter for females and 13.2-16.6 grams per deciliter for males. However, these figures vary depending on medical practice.
To treat anemia, it depends on what caused the anemia.
- Chronic illness anemia: when anemia is developed out of the existence of a chronic illness, it is usually difficult to treat. However, medical experts focus on the treatment of the primary illness, which when treated, the anemia is likely to disappear. If the condition (anemia) persists or becomes severe, medical experts may introduce blood infusion or inject synthetic hormone.
- Anemia due to vitamin deficiency: when the body lacks some vitamins such as vitamin C and folic acid, anemia is said to occur. To meet up with these vitamins deficiency, patients are advised to eat vitamin enriched foods.
- Bone marrow disease anemia: this type of anemia occurs when there is an existence of bone marrow disease, which affects blood production and/or circulation. Treatment for this kind of anemia includes but is not limited to born marrow transplant, chemotherapy, and medication.
- Iron deficiency anemia: iron deficiency anemia occurs when the body lacks the required level of iron. Patients can regain their blood level by eating iron-enriched food supplements.
- Sickle cell anemia: people living with sickle cell anemia are no doubt always running short of blood. Medical professionals use different methods to help patients to cope. Some of the methods include; blood transfusions, antibiotics, folic acid supplements, etc.
- Thalassemia: thalasssemia can be sever or mild. When it is mild, no treatment is required from the patient to recover. But thalassemia severity can require spleen removal, folic acid supplements, medication, blood transfusions, bone marrow stem cell transplant, etc.